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2017年新版初一英语语法知识点总结复习(超详细)

课时一教学任务 一、 重点语法 1. 动词 be(am,is,are)的用法: be 动词包括?am?, ?is?, ?are?三种形式。 ①第一人称单数(I)配合 am 来用。句型解析析:I am+… ②第二人称(You)配合 are 使用。句型解析:You are+… ③第三人称单数(He or She or It)配合 is 使用。 句型解析: She(He, It) is +…… ④人称复数 (we /you/they)配合 are 使用。 句型解析: We (You, They) are +…… 例句 We are in Class 5,Grade 7.They are my friends.You are good students. 用法口诀: 我(I)用 am, 你(you)用 are, is 跟着他(he), 她(she), 它(it)。 单数名词用 is, 复数名词全用 are。变否定,更容易,be 后 not 加上去。变疑问,往前提,句末 问号莫丢弃。还有一条须注意,句首大写莫忘记。 1.用括号中适当的词填空。 1. I ________(am, are, is) from Australia. 2. She _______ (am, are, is) a student. 3. Jane and Tom _________(am, is, are) my friends. 4. My parents _______ (am, is, are) very busy every day. 5. _______ (Are, Is, Do, Does) there a Chinese school in New York? 6. _______ (Be, Are, Were, Was) they excited when he heard the news? 7. There _____ (be) some glasses on it. 8. If he _____ (be) free tomorrow, he will go with us. 2.用 be 动词的适当形式填空 1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2. The girl______ Jack's sister. 3. The dog _______ tall and fat. 4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5. ______ your brother in the classroom? 6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7. How _______ your father? 8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9. Whose dress ______ this? 10. Whose socks ______ they? 11. That ______ my red skirt. 12. Who ______ I? 13.The jeans ______ on the desk. 14.Here ______ a scarf for you. 15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

The black gloves ______ for Su Yang. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling. The two cups of milk _____ for me. Some tea ______ in the glass. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there. 第二课时(1)英语人称代词和物主代词 一、人称代词 表示?我?、?你?、?他?、?她?、?它?、?我们?、?你们?、?他们? 的词,叫做人称代词。人称代词有人称、数和格的变化,见下表: 单数 主格 I you he 第三人称 she it 宾格 me you him her it they them 主格 we you 复数 宾格 us you

16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

人称 第一人称 第二人称

人称代词主格:作主语,表示谁怎么样了、干什么了。 I am a teacher. You are student. He is a student, too. We/You/They are students. 人称代词宾格作宾语,表示动作行为的对象。 Give it to me. Let’s go (let’s =let us) 二、物主代词表示所有关系的代词叫做物主代词,也可叫做代词所有格。物主代词分 形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词二种,其人称和数的变化见下表。 数 人称 类别 形容词性物主 代词 单数 第一 人称 my 第二 人称 your yours 你的 his his 他的 第三 人称 her hers 她的 its its 复数 第一 第二人称 人称 our ours your yours 第三 人称 their theirs

名词性物主代词 mine 汉语 我的

他(她、它) 它的 我们的 你们的 们的

形容词性物主代词(my/your/his/her/its/our/their)+名词 而名词性物主代词则相当于形容词性物主代词+名词,故其后不必加名词。如: Is this your book? No,,it isn’t, it’s hers(her book) This pen is mine.

代词练习(一) 一、选出括号中正确的词,在正确的词上打勾。 1. This is(my / I)mother. 2. Nice to meet (your / you). 3. (He / His)name is Mark. 4. What’s(she / her)name? 5. Excuse(me / my / I). 6. Are(your / you)Miss Li? 7. (I/ My)am Ben. 8. (She / Her)is my sister. 9. Fine , thank (your / you). 10. How old is (he / his) 二、用所给代词的正确形式填空。 1. These are ______ ( he ) brothers. 2. That is _______( she ) sister. 3. Lily is _______ ( Lucy ) sister. 4. Tom, this is _____ ( me ) cousin, Mary. 5. Now _____________(her parent) are in America. 6. Those __________ ( child ) are _____ ( I ) father’s students. 7. Do you know ______ ( it ) name? 8. Mike and Tom __________ ( be ) friends. 9. Thanks for helping ________( I ). 10. ______(Ann 安)mother is ______(we) teacher. 三、单项选择。 ( )1. My family ____ a big family. My family ____all here. A. is, is B. are, are C. is, are D. are, is ( )2. This is __________. A. a picture of family B. a picture of my family C. a family’s picture D. a family of my picture ( )3. Let’s __________ good friends. A. be B. are C. is D. am ( )4. Is she your aunt? Yes, __________. A. she’s B. her is C. she is D. he is ( )5. Are __________ coats yours? Yes, they are . A. they B. these C. this D. there ( )6. Is that __________ uncle? No, it isn’t A. he B. she C. her D. hers ( )7. Mrs. Green is __________ grandmother. A. Jim and Kate B. Jim and Kate’s C. Jim’s and Kate’s D. Jim and Kates’ ( )8. Do you know the name _____Mr. Green’s son? A. in B. of C. on D. or

( )9. __________ the great photo of your family. A. thank for B. Thanks for C. Thank for D. thanks for ( )10. Are those your friends? __________. A. Yes, they’re B. No, they are C. Yes, they are D. Yes, thos e are 代词练习(二) 一、用适当的代词填空 1.We like ________ (he, his , him) very much. 2.Is this guitar ________ (you, your, yours)? 3.________(She, Her, Hers) name is Li Li. 4.Father bought a desk for ________ (I, my, me, mine). 5.________ (It, It's, Its) is very cold today. 6.Is this your book, Mike? Yes ,________(we, you, they )are. 7.Are you and Tom classmates? Yes, ________(we, you ,they )are. 8.Each of the students ________( have, has) a pen pal. 9.He has a dog. I want to have ________(it, one ),too. 10.Her parents are ________ (both, all ,either )teachers. 11. The text is easy for you .There are ________( few, a few ,little, a little) new words in it . 12.I want ________( some, any) bananas. Give me these big ________(o ne, ones). 二、选择正确的答案 1.Is this ________ book? A.you B.I C.she D.your 2.It's a bird. ________ name is Polly. A.Its B.It's C.His D.It 3.What's that ?________ a jeep. A.it's B.Its C.It's D.its 4.What's that in English? ________. A.It's egg B.That's egg C.It's a egg D.It's an egg 5.Whose cat is this ? Is it yours? Is it a white _______? A.cat's B.one C.ones D.cats 6.Please give the book to ________. A.I B.me C.my D.mine 7._________skirt is yours? A.Whose B.Where C.How D.Which

8.________ is this pen ? It's Wang Fang's. A.Who's B.Whose C.Where D.Which 9.Kate and Mike do ________ homework in the evening. A.one's B.his C.her D.their 10.There isn't ________ water in the bottle. A.any B.some C.no D.a 课时二(2)简单句 一 陈述句 陈述句的否定结构: 陈述句的否定式主要用两种结构来表达: (1)句子的谓语动词为 be , have 或者谓语动词有助动词、情态动词时,其否 定结构为: 主语+谓语动词/助动词/情态动词 + not + 其他成分 I am not a teacher. 我不是老师。 We have not (haven`t) any books on animals. 我们没有任何有关动物方面的 书。 The children are not (aren`t) playing in the playground. 孩子们没在操 场上玩。 He will not (won`t) come. 他不会来。 We must not (mustn`t) forget the past. 我们不能忘记过去。 It could not (couldn`t) be lost. 它不可能丢的。 (2) 当句子的谓语动词是 do (即行为动词),而且没有助动词或情态动词时, 其否定结构为:主语+do (does,did) + not + 动词原形 + 其他成分 You do not (don`t) come here every day . 你没有每天都来这里。 He does not (doesn`t) teach this class . 他不教这个班。 They did not(didn`t) watch TV last night . 昨晚他们没看电视。 注意:陈述句的语调一般用降调。但在表示疑问的语气时,用升调,在书面上要 用问号来表示。 You really want to go to Hong Kong ? 你真的想去香港吗? 这句话表示的是一种疑问,只不过是通过陈述的语序和疑问的语气来表达的 二 疑问句 疑问句是用来提出疑问的句子,句末用问号??? 。常考的疑问句有四类, 即:一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句。 第一节 一般疑问句 一般疑问句通常需要用 yes 或 no 来回答,所以又叫做?是非疑问句? 。在 读这种句子时

要用升调。一般疑问句主要有以下几种类型: 1、 ?be + 主语 + 表语?结构 — Are you sleepy ? 你困了吗? — Yes, I am . 是的,我困了。 3、 ?情态动词 + 主语言+ 行为动词(或 be) ?结构 — May/Can I use the telephone? 我能用这部电话吗? — Yes, you can. 是 的,可以。 5、 ?助动词(do, does, did)+ 主语 + 行为动词?结构 — Do you like swimming in summer? 你喜欢夏天游泳吗? — No, I don`t . 不,我不喜欢。 难点提示 回答否定性一般疑问句时,要在 Yes 后面用肯定结构,表示肯定;在 No 后面用 否定结构, 表示否定。 注意在说法上正好与汉语习惯相反。 诀窍是在回答的时候, 只要把它当成没有加否定形式的普通一般疑问句看待就可以了。 注意下面例句的 回答和它的意思。 — Is he not your elder brother? 他不是你的哥哥吗? —Yes, he is . 不,他是(我的哥哥) 。No, he is not. 是的,他不是(我的 哥哥) 。 — Isn`t she very clever? 她难道不是很聪明吗? — Yes, she is. 不,她很聪明。 — No, she is not . 是,她不聪明。 第二节 特殊疑问句 一、 特殊疑问句是用来提出来特定问题的疑问句,要求听到问题的人针对特定情 况来做具体的回答, 不能像一般疑问句一样简单地用 Yes 或 No 来回答, 特殊疑 问句要用降调来读。 二、特殊疑问句的结构: 特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句 Who do English homework in the evening?谁晚上做英语家庭作业? What do you do in the evening?你晚上做什么? What homework do you do in the evening?你晚上做什么家庭作业? When do you do English homework?你什么时候做英语家庭作业? 三、注意: 对人提问时 who?谁? 对所属(谁的)提问用 whose?谁的? 对哪一个提问用 which?哪一个? 对时间提问用 when?什么时候?或 what time?几点? 对物体提问用 what?什么? 对地点提问用 where?哪里? 对原因提问用 why?为什么? 对方式提问用 how?怎么样?

对数量提问用 how many?多少? (用于可数名词复数)或 how much?多少? (用 于不可数名词) 四、难点提示 1、 以 why 开头的特殊疑问句否定形式常用于表示建议、 请求等。 Why don`t you have a try? 你为什么不试试呢? 2、 特殊疑问句常用到一些缩略形式,在平时学习中要注意习惯这些用法。 I don`t want to go there. How about you? 我不想去那儿,你呢? But what else? 可是还有什么呢? 把下列句子变成否定句: 1. I am listening to music. _______________________________________ 2. Mike is a student. _______________________________________ 3Sarah can clean the classroom. ________________________________________ 4. They are in the zoo. ________________________________________ 5. There are some flowers in the vase.________________________________________ 6. This is my sister. _________________________________________ 7. We are sweeping the floor.__________________________________________ 8. We need some masks. _________________________________ 9. They like making the puppet. _________________________________ 10. Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house. _________________________________________________ 11. I put a book on my head. _________________________________________________ 12. They sing ?In the classroom? together. _______________________________________________ 13. We play basketball on Sundays. _________________________________________________ 14. Tom likes listening to music ____________________________________________ 肯定句改一般疑问句的方法————————三步法 1. 有 be 动词/情态动词:be 动词/情态动词提到句首,其余照抄,(some 改成 any,my 改成 your)句末用问号。 2. 无 be 动词/情态动词,在句首加 Do/Does/Did,其余照抄,(some 改成 any, my 改成 your)句末用问号。 3. 加 Does、did 的句子注意,句子动词要变成原型。 例如: 陈述句: They are in the park. He can play the guitar.. 一般疑问句: Are they in the park? Can he play the guitar? 陈述句: I like the ducks. He likes the dogs. 一

般疑问句: Do you like the ducks? Does he like the dogs? 把下列句子变成一般疑问句 1. I am listening to music. __________________________ 2. Mike is a student. _______________________________________ 3. Sarah can clean the classroom.________________________________________ 4. They are in the zoo. ________________________________________ 5. There are some flowers in the vase.________________________________________ 6. This is my sister. _________________________________________ 7. We are sweeping the floor.__________________________________________ 8. We need some masks. _________________________________ 9. They like making the puppet. _________________________________ 10. Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house. _________________________________________________ 11. I put a book on my head. _________________________________________________ 12. They sing ?In the classroom? together. _______________________________________________ 13. We play basketball on Sundays. _________________________________________________ 14. Tom likes listening to music ____________________________________________ 关于特殊疑问词 1、 根据划线部分确定是什么疑问词, 后面写原句变成的一般疑问句, 句末问号。 2、how many 后必须先写物品,再写一般疑问句等。 1、A: _______ is the boy in blue? B:He’s Mike. 2、A: _______ pen is it? B:It’s mine. 3、A: _______ is the diary? B:It’s under the chair. 4、A: ___ is the Chirstmas Day? B: It’s on the 25th of December. 5、A: _______ are the earphones? B:They are 25 yuan. 6、A: _______ is the cup? B:It’s blue. 7、A: _______ is it today? B:It’s Sunday. 8、A: _______ was it yesterday? B: It was the 13th of October. 9、A: _______ this red one? B:It’s beautiful. 12. A:_______ is your cousin? B: He’s 15 years old. 13、A:_______ do you have dinner? B: At 6 o’clock 综合练习

The children have a good time in the park. 否定句:___________________________________ 一般疑问句:___________________________________ 1. There is only one problem. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 7.She has some bread for lunch today. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ . 句型转换题 1. The girl is singing in the classroom.( 改为否定句) 改为一般疑问句 5. I can speak English.(改为一般疑问句) 6. I am writing now.(同上) 7. I have a desk and a chair.(用 He 做主语改写句子) 8. She is buying some food in the supermarket.(改为否定句) 10. Does she like growing flowers? (给予否定回答) 课时三英语名词单数变复数的规则 一、绝大多数的可数名词的复数形式,是在该词末尾加上后辍-s。 读音变化:结尾是清辅音读[s],结尾是浊辅音或元音读[z]。 例:friend→friends; cat→cats; style→styles; sport→sports; piece→ pieces 二、凡是以 s、z、x、ch、sh 结尾的词,在该词末尾加上后辍-es 构成复数。 读音变化:统一加读[iz]。 例 : bus → buses; quiz → quizzes; fox → foxes; match → matches; flash → flashes 三、以辅音字母+y 结尾的名词,将 y 改变为 i,再加-es。 读音变化:加读[z]。 例:candy→candies; daisy→daisies; fairy→fairies; lady→ladies; story →stories 四、以-o 结尾的名词,如果不是外来词或缩写,就加-es,否则加-s 构成复数。 读音变化:加读[z]。 例: tomato → tomatoes; potato → potatoes; torpedo → torpedoes; bingo → bingoes 反例:silo→silos; piano→pianos(外来词); photo→photos; 五、以-f 或-fe 结尾的名词,多为将-f 或-fe 改变为-ves,但有例外。 读音变化:尾音[f]改读[vz]。

例: knife → knives; life → lives; leaf → leaves; staff → staves; scarf → scarves 反例:roof→roofs 六、部分单词的复数形式不变。 读音变化:保持原音。 例:fish→fish; sheep→sheep; cattle→cattle; deer→deer; 七、极少数单词,其复数形式没有任何规律。 读音变化:没有规律。 例:man→men; woman→women; child→children; person→people; ox→oxen 八、一些单数词得改头换面一番,才能变成复数词 例: foot→feet; man→men mouse→mice; tooth→teeth; woman→women 九、有些名词是单数、复数不分的 例:deer; fish; cannon; sheep; salmon 鲑鱼; trout 鳟鱼 十、一些名词虽分单数、复数,但出现次数多的总是单数词 例:abscence; clothing; film; help; furniture 家具; machinery 机械; news; scenery 风景; sugar; traffic 交通 十一、另一些名词则以复数词出现的机会较多 例:bellows 风箱; clothes; police; shorts 短裤; scissors 剪刀; spectacles 眼镜; shears 大剪刀 trousers 长裤; wages 工资 十二、若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 例:pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers 十三、另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思, 例:goods 货物,waters 水域,fishes(各种)鱼 十四、除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。 例:a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters 以 O 结 尾 的 词 , 许 多 加 es 构 成 复 数 , 特 别 是 一 些 常 用 词 如 : heroes,potatoes,tomatoes,echoes,tornadoes,torpedoes,dominoes,vetoes,m osquitoes,Negroes,mangoes,buffaloes,volcanoes 但下面几类词只加 s:1.以?元音+o?或?oo?结尾的词 如:videos,radios,studios,,zoos,bamboos,kangaroos, 2.一些外来词,特别是音乐方面的词,如:pianos, 3.一些缩写词和专有名词,如:kilos,photos, 写出下列名词复数 leaf______ puppy_______ box_______ knife_______ fly______ fox______ bus______ bench_____ brush_____ kiss______ church______ dish_____ ruler______ peach________ glass_____ pencil________ boy______ zoo______

man______ roof_______ sheep_______ knife______ lady______ key______ story______ watch______ bamboo______ city______ family______ day_____ apple_______ eraser______ speech______ thief______ mouse______ fish_____ goose____ people ______ ox_____ Chinese _______ deer _______ foot______ child_______ tooth_______ guy________ hero_______ spy______ boss_____ monkey______ city ______ goat ______ radio ________ horse ______ dog ______ 用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空: 1>There are so many________(wolf)in the forest. 2>There are three ______(chair) in the classroom. 3>These _______(tomato) are red. 4>______(hero) are great. 5>My brother looks after two ______(baby) 6>There are some ______(deer) eating the grass. 7>My father likes to eat _______(potato). 8>Chinese ______(people)like to eat noodles. 9>I have a lot of ______(toy) in my bedroom. 10>I help my mother wash ______(dish) in the kitchen. 11>I have two ______(pencil-box). 12>There are some ______(bus)in the street. 13>Peter has eight _____(foot). 14>Linda has three _______(tooth). 15>There are some ______(child) in the garden. 16>Michael likes the ______(mouse). 17>There are some ______(goose)in the river. 18>My uncle and father are _____(man). 19>Tom and King are _____(boy). 20>Linda has three ______(tooth). 选出正确形式 1.I can see three ________ in the zoo. A monkeys B monkeys C monkey 2.The pig has four ______. A. foot B. feet C. foots 3.My two brothers are both ______. A. policeman B. policemans C. policemen 4.There are four ___________ in the class. A. Japanese B. Japaneses C. Japan 5.I can see ten _____ in the picture. A. sheep B. dog C. pig 6.The _____ has three______.

A. boys, watches B. boy, watch C. boy, watches 7.C an you see _______on the plate? A. bread B. breads C. breades 8.The girl often brushes her_____ before she goes to bed. A. tooth B. tooths C. teeth 9.Mr Black often drink some _________.A. milk B. milks C.milkes 10.There are some _____ on the floor. A. child B. water C. books 11. _______ will learn English. A. Woman B. Women C. Man 12.Lucy will show us some new ____ of hers. A. photo B. photos C. photoes 13. I drank two ______. A. bottles of orange B. bottle of orange C. bottles of oranges 14.The cat eats two ______ last night. A. mouses B. mice C. mouse 15.I need a pen and some _____. A. books B. desk C. chair 16 Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______. A. rooms number B. Room number C. Room’s number D. Room numbers 17. The newly-built library is a ______ building. A. five-storey B. five storeys C. five-storey’s D. five storeys’ 18. --- Whose umbrella is it? --- It’s _______. A. somebody else’s B. Somebody else C. Somebody’s else’s D. Somebody’s else 19. I feel terribly hot, What’s the _____? A. temperature of room B. Room’s temperature C. Room temperature D. Temperature of room’s 20. _______ will make a trip around the world during the coming Christmas. A. The Evens B. The Evens’ C. The Evenses D. The Evenses’ 21.The girl talking to Mary is a friend of ________. A. Mary’s sister B. Mary sister’s C. Mary’s sister’s D. sister of Mary’s 22. The woman over there is ______ mother. A. Julia and Shelley’s B. Julia’s and Shelley’s C. Julia and Shelley D. Julia’s and Shelley 23. He is very tired. He needs ______. A. a night rest B. a rest night C. a night’s rest D. a rest of night 24. ---Excuse me,where are _______ offices? ---Over there. A. teacher’s B. teachers’ C. the teacher’s D. the teachers’

25. Today is September 10th. It’s_____ Day. Let’s go and buy some flowers for our teachers. A. Teacher B. Teachers’ C. the Teachers’ D. Teacher’s 课时四 现在进行时 现在进行时用法: 一般结构: 肯定句式:主语+be( am, is, are)+现在分词+其它. 否定句式:主语+be(am, is, are) +not +现在分词+其它. 一般疑问句:Be(am, is, are) +主语+现在分词+其它? 特殊疑问句:疑问词+be(am, is, are)+主语+现在分词+其它? 对一般疑问句作答,肯定回答:yes,主语+be,否定回答:no,主语+be not 对现在进行时的特殊疑问句的回答,它不可以用 Yes 或 No 直接作答,要根据实 际情况回答。 Eg:They are working these days. He is buying a bike. They aren’t working these days. He isn’t buying a bike. Are they working these days? Is he buying a bike? What are they doing these days? What is he doing ? 现在分词的变法有 1、一般在动词词尾加上-ing Jump——jumping go——going pushing——pushing play ——playing 2、以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词,先去 e,再加-ing. Take——takeing leave——leaving write ——writing have ——having 3、.以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的词,它前面是单个元音字母时 要先将词尾的辅音字母双写,再加上-ing. Cut — cutting put — putting stop — stopping fit — fitting begin — beginning forget—forgetting 4.以 ie 结尾的词,将 ie 变为 y 再加 ing Lie—lying 练习: 尽管现在进行时比较简单, 但在做题过程中也常会犯一些错误,常见的错误 有如下几种: 自我检测 1、 Look! He _____their mother do the housework. A. is helping B. are help C. is help D.is helpping 2 、_____are the boys doing ? They are singing in the room. A .Who B .How C.What D.Where

3、 Don’t talk here. My mother _____. A. is sleeping B .are sleeping C. sleeping D .sleep 4 、Danny ______. Don’t call him. A. is writeing B .is writing C.writing D .writes 5 、–When_____he_____back? – Sorry, I don’t know. A. does,come B.are coming C.is come D.is coming 6、 It’s ten o’clock. My mother _____(lie)in bed. 7、 What____he _____(mend)? 8、 We _____(play)games now. 9、 What ____you____(do) thesse days? 10、 ____he ___(clean) the classroom? 11、 Who____(sing)in the next room? 12、 The girl____(like)wearing a sweater. Look! She ____(wear)a red sweater today. 二、常见方位介词短语 (一) 、由介词 in 构成的方位介词短语 1 、 in the front 在前面 2 、 in the front row 在前排 3、in the back row 在后排 4、in the third row 在第 三排 5、in front of... 在...前面(范围之外) 6、 in the front of... 在...前部(范围之内) 7、in the middle 在中间 8、 in the street 在街上 9、 in the middle of... 在中间 10、in the tree 在树上(指飞鸟等外来物) (二) 、由介词 at 构成的方位介词短语 1、at the front of...在...所在范围的前一部分 在...所在范围的后一部分 3、at the foot of...在...脚下 在...顶部 5、at the end of...在...尽头 在...前头 7、at the(school)gate 在(校)门口 9、at No.2 Chang’an Road 在长安路 2 号 叔家 11、at home 在家 室/在诊所 (三) 、由介词 on 构成的方位介词短语 1、on the right/left 在右(左)边

2、at the back of... 4、at the top of... 6、at the head of... 8、at the station 在车站 10、at my uncle’s 在我叔

12、at the doctor’s 在医务

2、on one’s right/left

在某人的右(左)边 3 、 on the desk/table 在 课 桌 / 桌 上 4 、 on the right-hand/left-hand side 在右/左手边 5、on the blackboard 在黑板上 6、on/in the wall 在墙上/里 7、on the paper 在纸上 8、on the tree 在树上(指树上 长的,结的东西) 三、其它介词构成的方位介词短语 1、next to 靠近/贴近 2、beside the desk 在课桌旁 3、behind the door 在门后 4、under the bed 在床下 5、near the window 靠近窗户 6、outside the gate 在门外 课时五 祈 使 句 一、单项选择: 1. Please ____, they’re having a meeting. A. not be so noisy B. be quite C. mustn’t talk D. no speaking 2. ____ to meet me at the station. I’ll be waiting there. A. Not to forget B. Not forget C. Forget not D. Don’t forget 3. It’s a fine day. Let’s go fishing, ____? A. won’t we B. will you C. don’t we D. shall we 4. Don’t smoke in the meeting-room, ____? A. do you B. will you C. can you D. could you 5. –Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. -I ____. A. don’t B. won’t C. can’t D. haven’t 6. If you are tired, ______ a rest. A. have B. having C. to have D. had 7. ______ me go. It is very important for me. A. Do let B. Let do C. Doing let D. To do let 8. He is not honest. ______ believe him. A. Not B. Don’t C. To not D. Not to 9. _____ up early tomorrow, or you can’t catch the train. A. Getting B. Get C. To get D. Got 10. _____ in the street. It’s dangerous. A. Not play B. Not to play C. Don’t play D. Don’t to play 11. Please ______ me some money, will you? A. lend B. lending C. borrow D. borrowing 12. The film is about to begin. Please ______ seated. A. be B. are C. is D. being 13. ____ down the radio. The baby’s asleep in the next room.

A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn 14. Lucy, ____ the door or someone will come in. A. close B. closes C. not close D. is closing 15. ____ and play football in the street after lunch. A. Let’s not to go B. Let’s not go C. Let’s don’t go D. Not let’ s go 16. A sign with the words?____? is often found in a bus. A. Not parking B. Not smoking C. No parking D. No smoking 17. ____ Chinese in you English class. A. Not speak B. Don’t speak C. Speak not D. Don’t speaking 18 . _____ the boxes. You may use them later. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. Kept 19. If you want to stay, let me know, ______? A. will you B. shall we C. do you D. do we 20. Never come late again, ______? A. will you B. won’t you C. do you D. does he 21. The TV is too loud. Please________. A. turn it down B. to turn it down C. turn down it D. to turn down it 22. _______ late again, Bill! A. Don't to be B. Don't be C. Not be D. Be not 23. _______ cross the road until the traffic lights turns green. A. Not B. Won't C. Doesn't D. Don't 24. Please help me carry it, ______? A. will I B. will you C. shall I D. shall we 25. Don't make so much noise, ______? A. will you B. won't you C. shall we D. do you 26. Do you know the girl ______under the tree? A. stand B. to stand C. standing D. stood 27. Kate, _______ your homework here tomorrow. A. bring B. brings C. to bring D. bringing 28. ________ me the truth, or I'll be angry. A. Telling B. To tell C. Told D. Tell 29. I've kept the dog _______Maomao for a long time. A. name B. named C. naming D. to name 30. Don't you know that _______ is good for our health? A. swim B. swimming C. swam D. swims 二. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. It’s an important meeting. __________ (not, be )late. 2. ____________ (not,make) any noise! Your mother is sleeping. 3. ____________ (not, speak) with your mouth full of food and ____________ (be) polite. 4. ____________ ( not, talk) and ____________ (read) aloud. 5. ____________ (not,leave) your homework for tomorrow, Larry. 6. ____________ (look) out! A car is coming. 7. ____________ (give) us ten years and just see what our country will be like. 8. ____________ (not, let) the baby cry. 9. Wear more clothes or you ____________ (catch) a cold. 10. Let’s ____________ (not, say) anything about it. 三、句型转换 11. Will you please read it again more slowly? (改为祈使句) _____ _____ again more slowly, please. 12. If you don't listen to me, I'll go. (改为同义句) _____ _____ me, or I’ll go. 13. Let's watch the sports games. (改为反意疑问句) Let's watch the sports games, _____ _____? 14. The teachers often tell the students not to be careless. (改为祈 使句) _____ _____careless, please. 15. Please sit next to Nancy. (改为否定句) _____ _____ next to Nancy. 16. Don't forget to turn off the lights, please. (改为反意疑问句) Don't forget to turn off the lights, _____ _____? 17. If you move, you'll die. (改为同义句) _____ _____, or you'll die. 18. Come to my house tomorrow. (改为反意疑问句) Come to my house tomorrow, _____ _____? 19. 这是一个坏了的被子。 (翻译句子) This is a ______ ______. 20. 让我们去帮帮那个哭泣的女孩吧。 (翻译句子) Let’s go and help the _____ _____, please. 课时七 一般将来时 一、单项选择。 ( ) 1. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match. A. will watching B. Watches C. is watching D. is going to

watch ( ) 2. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday. A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be ( ) 3. They ________ an English evening next Sunday. A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have ( ) 4. ________ you ________ free next Sunday? A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be ( ) 5. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning. A. will B. is C. will be D. be ( ) 6. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library? A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows ( ) 16. Who ________ we ________ swimming with tomorrow afternoon? A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go ( ) 17. We ________ the work this way next time. A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing ( ) 18. Tomorrow he ________ a kite in the open air first, and then ________ boating in the park. A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go ( ) 19. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match. A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch ( ) 20. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday. A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be ( ) 21. They ________ an English evening next Sunday. A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have ( ) 22. ________ you ________ free next Sunday? A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be ( ) 23. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning. A. will B. is C. will be D. be ( ) 24. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library? A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows

) 25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon? –________ (好的). A. Yes, please B. Yes, you will C. No, please. D. No, you won’t. ( ) 26. It ________ the year of the horse next year. A. is going to be B. is going to C. will be D. will is ( ) 27. ________ open the window? A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you ( ) 28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we? – OK. I ________. A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming ( ) 29. It ________ us a long time to learn English well. A. takes B. will take C. spends D. will spend ( ) 30. The train ________ at 11. A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving 二、动词填空。 1. I am afraid there ______(be)a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you. 2. Mike ______(believe, not)this until he ______(see)it with his own eyes. 3. Most of us don’t think their team ______(win). 三、句型转换。 1. China is a modern and strong country.(in twenty years) 2. Do you study hard?(from now on) 3. She didn’t speak English at the meeting.(before long) 课时七?There be 句型 There be 句型 1. 定义:There be 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。 2. 结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. (2) There are +复数名词+地点状语. 一.选择填空 ( )1.--Again, my computer does't work. --__ must be something wrong with the CPU

(

A.There B.That C.It D.This ( )2.There __ some milk ,some eggs and a few apples on the table. A.is B.are C.has D.have ( )3.there are so many green trees on __ sides of the street . A.either B.each C.both D.neither ( )4.there __ anything new in today's newspaper . A.is B.are C.isn't D.aren't ( )5.__ there __books on the shelf ? A.are﹔a B.is ﹔a C.have ﹔some D.are﹔any ( )6.there __ many elephants in Africa. A.is B.has C.are D.have ( )7.--is there a hotel near here? --__. A.yes.please B.not at all C.sorry,i don't know D.here you are ( )8.are there any __on the table? A.meat B.cheese C.tomatoes D.papper ( )9.--where is my wallet ? --there __ a black __ on the floor. A.is﹔it B.are﹔ones C.is﹔one D.are﹔one ( )10.there's __ eraser on __ desk. A. an﹔the B.the﹔a C.the﹔the D.an﹔/ 二. 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1.there are many __ (mouse) in the old house. 2.there __(be) an airport in Suqian some day﹐i hope 3.there __(be) four buildings built already in our school. 4.there __(be)hardly any juice left ,isthere? 三.根据汉语完成下列句子。 ⒈看!天空中有奇怪的东西。 Look!__ __ __ __in Sky. ⒉没有水,地球上就没有生命。 Without water, __ __ __no lift on eath. ⒊冰箱里有多少冰激凌? __ __ice cream __ __ in the fridge? ⒋黑板在我的课桌前面。 __ __ a blackboard in front of my desk. ⒌一些老师在操场上。 __ __ some teachers on the playground .

课时九 感叹句 感叹句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊奇、惊讶等强烈感情的句子。感叹句通常由 what 或 how 引导。"what"和"how"与所修饰的词臵于句首,其它部分用陈述句 语序。 打油诗一首: 感叹句往后看 形容词后是名单 就用 what a 或 what an 形后若是不可数或名复数 只用 what 就可以 形容词后乱糟糟 只写 how 就 OK 了 专项练习 一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。 1).________ difficult homework we had yesterday! 2).________cute dog it is! 3).________ interesting the story is! 4).________ bad the weather in England is! 5).________ honest boy Tom is ! 6).________ tasty smell the cake gave off! 7).________ good time we had on the beach yesterday! 8).________ exciting news you've brought us! 9).________cool your new car is! 10).________ scary these tigers are! 二、选择填空。 1. _______ fast the boy ran! A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 2. _______ well you sing but _______ badly he dances! A. How, how B. What, what C. How, what D. What, how 3. ________ delicious the soup is! I’d like some more. A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 4. _______ fools they were! They believed what the man said. A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 5. _______ foolish they were! They believed what the man said. A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

6. _______ difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them. A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 7. I miss my friend very much. _______ I want to see her! A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 8. _______ lovely weather we are having these days! A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 9. _______ beautiful your new dress is! A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 10. _______ interesting work it is to teach children! A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 三、所给句子填空,使填空句变为相应的感叹句: 1. The boy swam very fast.(同义句)_______ _______ the boy swam! 2. The school trip is very exciting. (同义句)_____ ______ the school trip is! 3. Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. (同义句) _______ _______ Hei Longjiang looks in winter! 4. It is a very useful dictionary. (同义句) _______ _______ _______ dictionary it is! _______ _______ _______ dictionary is! 5. The students are listening very carefully. ________ ________ the students are listening! 课时九 反身代词 数 单数 复数 人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第 三 人 称 人称代词 I you He/she/it we you they 反身代词 myself yourself yourselves themselves Himself/herself/itself ourselves

另外,one 的反身代词为 oneself 一.选择。 1. Those girls enjoyed ____ in the party last night. A. them B. they C. themselves D. herself 2. Help ____ to some fish, children. A. yourself B. your C. yours D. yourselves 3. The film ____ is very fun.

A. it’s B. itself C. it D. its 4. –Who teaches ____ math? –I teach ______. A. your, myself B. you, myself C. you, me D. you, herself 5. The father will make ____ a bike ____. A. her, himself B. she, himself C. her, herself D. she, herself 6. The scarf is ____, she made it_____. A. herself, her B. herself, hers C. hers, herself D. her, herself 7. Liu Hulan’s death was great. She thought more of others than ______. A. her B. she C. hers D. herself 8. Luckily, he didn’t hurt ____ terribly yesterday. A. him B. themselves C. himself D. they 9. I can’t mend my shoe _____. Can you mend it for ? A. myself, me B. myself, I C. me, I D. I, me 10. I like watching in the mirror. A. me B. I C. my D. myself 课时九 形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的用法: 当两种物体之间相互比较时,我们要用形容词或副词的比较级; 当相互比较的物体是三个或三个以上时,我们就要用形容词或副词的最高级。 ※形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的变化规律: 1. 单音节形容词或副词后面直接加-er 或-est tall—taller—tallest fast—faster—fastest 2. 以-e 结尾的单音节形容词或副词直接加-r 或-st large—larger—largest nice—nicer—nicest 3. 以-y 结尾的形容词或副词,改-y 为-i 再加-er 或-est busy—busier—busiest early—earlier—earliest 4. 形容词或副词是重读闭音节时,双写最后的辅音字母,再加-er 或-est hot—hotter—hottest big—bigger—biggest 5. 多音节形容词或副词前面直接加 more 或 most delicious—more delicious—most delicious beautiful—more beautiful—most beautiful 6. 不规则变化 good (well)—better—best bad (badly)—worse—worst many(much)-more-most little-less-least ⑥. 特殊变化: 原级 goo/ well many/ much 比较级 better more 最高级 best most worst

bad / badly(坏地) worse

little old far

less Older(年龄)/ elder(辈份)

least oldest/ eldest

farther 距离/ further(深奥 farthest/ furthest 的)

Ⅱ. 形容词比较级的用法:表示两者(人或物)的比较。 ⒈ 比较级+than 从句表示两者比较( A … 比较级+than B ) ①. 他比我高。He is ________ (tall) than me. ②. 他的头发比我的短。His hair is ________(short) than _________. He has ________ (short) hair than ________. ③. Tom 比我胖。 Tom is _____ (fat) than me. ④. 谁跑得快些,Lucy 还是 Lily? Who runs _________, Lucy or Lily? ⑤ . 英 语 比 语 文 重 要 。 English is _______________ (important) than Chinese. ⑥. 我来的比你晚。I come _______ (late) than you. ⑦. 他比你小 2 岁。He’s 2 years _________ than you. ⒉ 表示两者?相等?用,as+形容词原级+比较对象: (A … as 原级 B ) ①他和我一样高。 He is as ________ (tall) as I/me. ② 英 语 比 语 文 重 要 。 English is as _______________ (important) as Chinese. ③他的头发和我的头发一样长。His hair is ________ ________ _______ mine. ④他学习和你一样努力。He works _______ hard ______ you. ⒊ 表示?不如? , ?不相等?时,用?not+as/so+形容词原级+as+比较对象? 。 ? ①他没我高。He is ______ ________ (tall) as me. ②今天没有昨天暖和。 Today is ______ _______ _______(warm) _______ yesterday. =Yesterday ______ ________ than today. ③他昨天来得没有我早。He _________ come ________ early as I (did) yesterday. 比较级前可用 much / a lot / far(… 得多), a little (稍微) ,still, no, even(甚至), any 等表示程度; 形容词、副词前如有:very, too, quite(非常), rather(相当)等修饰, 一般用原级。 比较: He is much ___________( well) today. It’s much ____________ (expensive). He is very __________ (well) today. It ’ s too ___________ (expensive)

△⒋?比较级 +and+ 比较级?表示?越来越…? 天气越来越冷了。It’s getting ______ and _______(cold) △⒌ ?The+ 比较级…,the+ 比较级…?表示?越…,就越… 越多越好 The ________, the _______. △⒍ ?用 twice 等表示倍数的词+ as +原级+as…?表示甲是乙的几倍。 这间房是那间房的两倍。This room is _______ as big as that one. Ⅲ. 形容词最高级的用法: 表示三者或三者以上(人或物)的比较,其中有一个超过其他几个。形容词最 高级前要加 the,后面通常带 of(in)短语来说明比较的范围(of 后的名词或 代词表示与主语属同一类;in 表示时间或空间范围) 。 ①在我们班上他最高。 He is __________ ( tall) _____ our class. ②玛丽是这三个学生中最小的。 Mary is __________ (young) ______ the three students. 一.出下列单词的比较级 1.tall___________2.quiet____________ 3.funny_______________4.heavy___________ 5.thin_____________6.big______________7.outgoing_____________8.wild__ ______ 9.little_____________10.good____________11.bad_______________12.many_ _________选择填空 1. Which does Jimmy like _____ , Chinese or Art? A. well B. best C. better D. much 2. The Changjiang River is one of _____ in the world. A. the longest river B. longest rivers C. the longest rivers D. longer rivers 3. The box is _________than I wanted. A. biger B. the biger C. bigger D. the bigger 4. My mooncake is nicer _____ his. A. like B. with C. for D. than 5. You are fatter than _____ . A. he B. his C. him D. he is tall 6. He jumps _____ of the three. A. far B. further C. farthest D. furthest 7. My hair is longer than _____ . A. my sister B. Kate C. my brother’s D. Lucy’s 8. There are _____ paper here .Please bring some. A. little B. less C. fewer D. a little

9. The pen is _____ than that one. A. more cheap B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper 10.Tom speaks Chinese _____ better than Jimmy. A. more B. very C. a lot of D. much 11.There are _____ girls in Class Two than in Class Four. A. more B. nicest C. most D. best 12.It’s too _____ for you to do that. A. easy B. more dangerous C. harder D. the easiest 13.Who has _____ apples now, Jim, Lily or Lucy? A. much B. biggest C. better D. the most 14.You have more rulers than me. But _____ are nicer than _____ . A. mine, yours B. mine, your C. my, yours D. my, your 15.Tingting is _____ than Meimei, but Meimei is _____ than Tingting. A. all, stronger B. taller, strongest C. tallest, strong D. taller, stronger 16.Mother is _____ in my family. A. busy B. busier C. the busiest D. more busy 17.There are _____ in the park on Sunday. A. more children B. a lot of people C. much men and women D. many peoples 18.-This blue sweater is too big for me .-Will you please show me a _____ one? A. small B. smaller C. the smallest D. smallest 19.No one is _____ Mary in the class. A. so tallest as B. as taller as C. so high as D. so tall as 20. This bike is _____ than that one. A. twenty yuan dear B. twenty yuan dearer C. dear twenty yuan D. dearer twenty yuan 二、用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Your classroom is _____ (wide) and _____ (bright) than ours. 2.There are _____ (few) hours of sunlight a day in winter than in summer. 3.Which do you like _____ (well) , maths or chemistry? 4.This is the _____ (good) film I have ever seen. 5.Africa is the second _____ (large) continent. 6.What he said made his mother much _____ (angry) . 7.I’m not as _____ (careful) as he. 8.We’ve got as _____ (many) books as we need. 9.Pratice as _____ (much) as you can. 10.They have done _____ (much) work with _____ (little) money.

11.You’re the _____ (kind) person I’ve ever met. 12.He is _____ (young) than his two sisters. 13.The _____ (old) I get, the _____ (strong) I seem to feel. 14.The weather is getting _____ (warm) and _____ (warm) . 15.Summer is _____ (hot) season of the year. 课时十 一般过去时态 1.定义:表示过去某时发生的动作或状态 ,这种动作或状态可能是一次性 ,也可 能经常发生。 2.结构: 如果动词是 Be 动词(was/were),构成主系表的结构。 即:主语+系动词(was/were)+ 表语 She was a teacher last year, but now she is a housewife. They were late for school yesterday. 如果动词是实义动词或除 be 动词以外的其它连系动词,需要将句中的动词变为 过去时,结构如下 即:主语+ 谓语动词(过去时)+ 宾语 We lived in Chongqing last year. I got up late, so I missed the first bus. He fell asleep just now. He left for Shanghai an hour ago. 3.动词过去式的构成: (1)规则动词的过去式,过去分词的构成: 规则/类别 一般情况加-ed 动词原形 help, look, work, talk 过去式 helped, looked, worked, talked liked, lived, loved, moved tried, studied, cried 过去分词 helped, looked, worked, talked liked, lived, loved, moved tried, studied, cried

词尾为不发音的字母 -e like, live, 时,直接加-d love, move 词尾为 ?辅音字母+y? 时, try 变 y 为 i,再加-ed study cry

以重读闭音节结尾, 且词 plan, stop 尾只有一个辅音字母, 双 nod , chat 写词尾辅音字母后加-ed

. planned, stopped . planned, nodded stopped . chatted nodded chatted

特别提示: 1. 在清辅音后读/t / 如:helped

stopped

2. 在元音或辅音后读/d / 如: stayed agreed 3. 在辅音/t /,/d /后读/id/ 如: wanted

needed

(2)不规则动词变化表:( 原形 → 过去式 → 过去分词)

be(am,is) be(are) beat become begin blow break bring build buy can catch choose come cost cut dig do draw drink drive eat fall feel find fly forget freeze get give go

was were beat became began blew broke brought built bought could caught chose came cost cut dug did drew drank drove ate fell felt found flew forgot froze got gave went

been been beaten become begun blown broken brought built bought caught chosen come cost cut dug done drawn drunk driven eaten fallen felt found flown forgot/forgo tten frozen got given gone

lose make may mean meet mistake must pay put read ride ring rise run say see sell send set shall shine show shut sing sink sit sleep smell speak spend spill

lost made might meant met mistook must paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sold sent set should shone showed shut sang sank/sunk set slept smelt spoke spent spilt

lost made meant met mistaken paid put Read ridden rung risen run said seen sold sent set shone shown shut sung sunk/sunken set slept smelt spoken spent spilt

grow hang hear hide hit hold hurt keep know lay learn leave lend let lie

grew

grown had heard hidden hit held hurt kept known laid

spoil stand sweep swim take teach tell think throw

spoilt stood swept swam took taught told thought threw

spoilt stood swept swum taken taught told thought thrown

hung/hanged hung/hanged heard hid hit held hurt kept knew laid

have(has) had

understan understood understood d wake wear will win write woke/waked woken/waked wore would won wrote won witten worn

learnt/lear learnt/learn ned ed left lent let lay left lent let lain

4.用法及时间状语: ① 表 示 过 去 具 体 时 刻 发 生 的 一 次 性 动 作 时 , 时 间 状 语 有 : at (eight) (yesterday morning),(ten minutes) ago, when 引导的时间状语从句。 如:I got up at 6:00 this morning.

Little Tom broke the window at half past nine this morning. When he went into the room, he saw a stranger talking with his father. ② 表示过去一段时间内不知何时发生的一次性动作时,时间状语有:yesterday, last (year 等), in (1998 等)。 如:He came to our city in the year 2000.(他 2000 年来到我们市) ③ 表示过去一个阶段中经常发生的事情时,时间状语有:last…, in…, from… to…, for(10 years),often,usually, sometimes, always, never 等。 如:Mr Jackson usually went to evening schools when he was young. Every day he went to the rich man and borrowed books from him .
④ 讲故事、对过去经历的回忆、双方都明白的过去事件等一般用过去时,而且 经常省略时间状语。如:I happened to meet Rose in the street.(我正 好在街上遇到露西) ⑤ 表示过去将要发生的动作。在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用一般过去 时表示过去将要发生的动作。

We would turn to him for help when we were in trouble. He would let me know when he got information. He promised to give me a dress when he came back next week.
选择填空 ( ) 1. Lee ________ his mobile phone at home. A. leave B. leaves C. leaved D. left ( ) 2. _____ he ________ a good rest? No, he didn’t. A. Do, had B. Did, have C. Did, had D. Was, had ( ) 3. As soon as he ________, he ______ to his family. A. arrived, writes B. arrived, written C. arrived, wrote D. arriveds, write ( ) 4. Mr. Black was late because he _______ his way. A. losted B. lose C. loses D. lost ( ) 5. When _________ Lee ________ school this morning? A. did, got to B. did, get to C. did, get D. did, got ( ) 6. Will you please say it again? I ________ quite _______ you. A. didn’ t, hear B. don’ t, heard C. didn’ t, heard D. don’t, hear ( ) 7. ______ you ________ at six o’clock yesterday? A. Do ,get up B. Did, get up C. Do, got up D. Did, got up ( ) 8.What did you see _________? A. now B. every day C. these days D. just now ( ) 9.He went into the room and _______ the door. A. lock B. locking C. locks D. locked ( ) 10. —What _____ you _______ last week? —I bought a bag. A. did ,buy B. did , bought C. do, buy D. do, bought ( ) 11. —_____ he ____ his lunch? — Yes, he did. A. Does ,has B. Does, have C. Did, have D. Did, had ( )12.—Did the thieves _____ into the car? —No, they______. A. fell, didn’t B. fall(落下), did C. jump(跳), didn’t D. jump, did ( ) 13. -When did May come back from Hong Kong? -She __ from Hong Kong last Friday. A. come back B. comes back C. returned back D. came back ( ) 14. ____ she _____ this dictionary in the bookshop nearby last week? A. Did, buy B. Does, buy C. Did, bought D. Does, buys ( ) 15. He ____ to the station this morning and was______ for the train.

A. hurry, in time B. hurries, on time C. hurried, in time D. hurried, at time ( ) 16. Where _____ Uncle Sun yesterday? A. was B. were C. did D. does ( ) 17. —Have you seen him today? —Yes, I ____ him this morning. A. seeing B. see C. sees D. saw ( ) 18. He ______ worried when he heard the news. A. is B. was C. does D. did ( ) 19. There _____ a telephone call for my brother Steven yesterday? A. is B. are C. was D. were ( ) 20. Liu Fengwei _____ three yuan for the lost library book. A. paid B. pay C. spent D. lost ( ) 21. He ____ in this school in 1958. A. taught B. teach C. teaches D. teaching ( ) 22. They _____ tired so they stopped ____ a rest. A. are, have B. were, have C. were, to have D. are, having ( ) 23. Yesterday I _____ in bed all day because I had a fever. A. lay B. lie C. laid D. lied ( ) 24. It was raining hard when he ____ home. A. got B. get C. gets D. was getting ( ) 25. She said her brother ____ in Beijing. He ______ to Japan on business last week. A. wasn’t, went B. hasn’t, went C. wasn’t, go D. isn’t, went 二、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式、过去式形式 go ___ ____ ___ ____ enjoy __ _____ __ _____ buy __ _____ ____ ___ eat __ _____ _ ______ get ___ ____ __ ____ walk __ _____ _____ take ___ ____ __ _ dance ____ ___ __ ___ write _ ______ ____ run ___ ____ ___ ____ swim ____ ___ __ __ find ____ ___ ____ ___ begin __ _____ __ _____ eat ____ ___ ___ ____

play ___

____

____

_

study _____

__ ___

____ 三、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month. 2. Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o'clock last night. So he ______ (get) up late. 3. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning. 4. Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year. 5. My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday. 6. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be) 7. -When _______ you _________ (come) to china? -Last year. 8. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday? 9. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term? 10. There ________ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _________ (have) no time to watch it. 课时十一 主谓一致 主谓一致是指谓语动词与主语在人称和数上保持一致 一 单项选择: 1. Eating vegetables______ good for our health. A. is B. are C. were D. was 2. More than one person _______ made the suggestion. A. was B. has C. were D. have 3. I think ______ of the materials I listened to at the beginning of the exam ______ easy. A. two thirds; is B. second three; are C. two thirds; are D. two third; are 4. Neither you nor Lin Hua _______ to the Great Wall before. A. had been B. has gone C. has been D. have been 5. The writer and teacher ______ coming now. A. is B. are C. has D. have 6. Something _____ gone wrong with my TV set. A. has B. have C. is D. are 7. Nothing but grass and trees _______ the hill. A. covers B. cover C. covering D. are covering 8. Physics ______ more interesting than Maths, I think. A. are B. is C. was D. were 9. Each student and each teacher ______ to see the film.

A. go B. wish C. are D. wants 10. Either Tom or I ______ to blame. A. to be B. am C. are D. is 11. There ______ a desk, two beds and four chairs in the room. A. is B. are C. has D. have 12. Lucy, together with her two brothers, often _______ to the park on Sundays. A. go B. goes C. are going D. is going 13. There ______ a pair of shoes on the floor. The shoes______ mine. A. are; is B. is; is C. is; are D. are; are 14. None of that money on the table ______ mine. A. is B. are C. been D. have 15. — Could you get me a piano, Mum? —There ______ enough room for one in our home. A. is B. are C. isn’t D. aren’t 16. The family I am staying with _______ very friendly. A. is B. are C. was D. were 17. Our team ______ the World Cup! A. has won B. have won C. are won D. is won 18. Our country _______ great changes in the last 30 years. A. experience B. experiences C. has experienced D. experiencing 19. The police _______ having a meeting in their office at ten yesterday. A. is B. are C. was D. were 20. The number of people invited _____ 50, but a number of them _____absent for different reasons. A. were; was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were 21. A library with 5000 books _____ to the nation as a gift. A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered 22. I told him what I was surprised ______ his attitude towards his study. A. is B. was C. at is D. at was 23. On the wall ______ two large portraits(肖像). A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hung 24. All that can be done ________. A. has been done B. has done C. have done D. were done 25. The singer and the dancer ______ come to the meeting. A. has B. have C. are D. is 26. I have finished a large part of the book; the rest ______ more

difficult. A. is B. are C. was D. were 27. The wounded(伤员) _______ by the hospital. A. has taken in B. has been taken in C. have taken in D. have been taken in 28. The following _______ some other examples. A. are B. is C. was D. were 29. The whole class _______ the teacher attentively(认真地). A. are listening B. is listening to C. are listening to D. is listening 30. ?All _______ present and all _______ going on well,? our manager said. A. is; is B. are; are C. are; is D. is; are 31. The rich ________ not always happy. A. are B. is C. has D. have 32. He is the very thief that the police ________. A. is after B. is looking C. are after D. are looking 33. The third and last chapter(章节) _______ by Professor Chen. A. are written B. are writing C. is written D. is writing 34. One third of the students in our school _______ girl students. A. is B. are C. was D. were 35. Many a writer of newspaper articles ________ to writing novels. A. has turned B. have turned C. being turned D. are going to turn 36. None of your projects ________. A. working out B. work out C. is worked out D. worked out 37. Going to bed early and getting up early _______ a good habit. A. is B. are C. were D. was 38. I don’t think one hundered dollars _______ a big sum of monny to him. A. will be B. would be C. is D. are 39. Neither of your suggestions ________ sense. (make sense:有意义;说 得通) A. makes B. make C. is made D. are made 40. Your trousers _______ dirty; you must have ______ washed. A.is; it B. are; it C. are; them D. is; them 二 用所给词的正确形式填空: 1. ______ (be) everything OK?

2. Nobody _______ (know) the answers to the question. 3. Ten divided by two ________ (be) five. 4. Most of the drinking water _______ (be) from the Black River. 5. Not only she but also I _______ (do) morning exercises every day. 6. Either you or he ______ (have) made a wrong decision. 7. The family _______(be) spending the weekend together. 8. Bread and butter ______ (be) her daily breakfast. 9. The police _______ (be) trying to catch the thief. 10. The number of the teachers in the school ______(be) 120.

仁爱版七年级英语上册期末 2015 测试卷(A)
第 I 卷 选择题(五大题,共 70 分) Ⅰ. 听力对话理解(共 10 分,每小题 1 分) A)听小对话,根据你听到的内容从每小题的三个选项中选出一个正 确答案,每段对话听两遍。 1. Can the boy help the girl? A. No, he can‘t. B. Yes, he can. C. We don‘t know. 2. Who is Maomao? A. A cat. B. A dog. C. A girl. 3. What does Meimei‘s mother do? A. She ‘ s a nurse. B. She ‘ s a teacher. C. She ‘s a doctor. 4. Where does Michael have lunch? A. At home. B. At school. C. At his aunt‘s home. 5. How many eggs does the man want? A. Two B. Three C. Four B)听小对话,每段对话你将听到前面的 1—3 句,从每小题的三个选 项中选出能完成对话最后 1 句的最佳答语,每段对话听两遍。 6. A. My name is Jenny. B. She‘s Jenny. C. It‘s her ruler. 7. A. I‘m Li Ming.B. I like purple. C. Thank you. 8. A. Yes, I like rice. B. No, thanks. C. No, they aren‘t. 9. A. Jackets. B. Water. C. Fish.

10. A. I want you to go to the farm with me. B. I like the white shirt. C. I caught a cold. Ⅱ. 听力篇章理解(共 10 分,每小题 1 分) 听下面 A、B 篇的两段对话和 C 篇的一段独白,并从每小题的三个选 项中选出一个正确答案。对话或独白听两遍。 A 11. Where does Joe live? A. In the U.S.A. B. In China. C. In England. 12. What letter is this? A. It‘s an English letter. B. It‘s a Chinese letter. C. It‘s a Japanese letter. 13. What does Joe want to do? A. She wants to study Chinese with Ann. B. She wants to live in Beijing. C. She wants to visit Beijing. B 14. Who is in a cap? A. Bill. B. Bill‘s father. C. Bill‘s uncle. 15. What color clothes is Bill‘s father in? A. Blue. B. White. C. Brown. 16. Where does Bill‘s father work? A. In an office. B. In a school. C. On a farm. C 17. Gu Ming goes to the zoo at ____________. A. a quarter to three. B. a quarter past three. C. half past three. 18. Guo Ming goes to the zoo with his __________. A. parents. B. teachers. C. friends. 19. Who likes monkeys a lot? A. Kangkang. B. Gu Ming. C. Li Ming. 20. What does Kangkang think of elephants? A. They are strong. B. They are clever. C. They are cute. (第 VI 大题, 听力完成任务为非选择题, 请看第 II 卷第 56—60 题, 并在答题卡上第 II 卷答题栏内的相应位臵答题)

Ⅲ. 单项填空(共 10 分,每小题 1 分) 从每小题的四个选项中选出一个能填入题中相应空白处的最佳答案。 21. —__________ is the letter ___________? —My pen pal. A. Which, from B. What, for C. Who, for D. Who, from 22. —I‘d like an apple. ____________ —I‘d like a banana. A. Would you like it? B. What about you? C. How is a banana? D. Here you are. 23. — What do you usually have ___________ lunch? — Fish _________ vegetables and rice. A. for, with B. in, with C. to, for D. with, for 24. — Why not __________ some orange juice? It ‘s very good. — Good idea. A. drinking B. has C. having D. drink 25. —___________? — Yes, some chicken, please. A. What do you want to drink B. May I take your order C. Do you want some bread D. What would you like 26. — May I help you? — Yes, I‘d like ________. A. two glass of water B. two glasses of waters C. two glass of waters D. two glasses of water 27. —I like the pants very much. Can I ________? —Sure. A. try on it B. try it on C. try them on D. try on them 28. — The pink skirt looks very nice __________ you. — OK. I ‘ll ________ it. A. of, think B. in, give C. on, take D. at, let 29. —Let‘s go to Zhongshan Park ________ a picnic____ Sunday. — That ‘ s a good idea. A. at, at B. at, on C. for, at D . for, on 30. —Hello! May I speak to Helen? — Hello! _____________. A. This is Helen B. I ‘ m Helen C. It ‘s Helen D. She is Helen Ⅳ. 完形填空(共 10 分,每小题 1 分)

先阅读短文, 然后从文后每小题的四个选项中选出一个可以填入短文 中相应空白处的最佳答案。 Near (在...附近) my home, there is 31 shop. One day Zhang Qiang asks (邀请) 32 to go shopping with him. He wants to buy some fruit 33 his family. Now we are in the shop. ― 34 I help you?‖ the salesgirl asks us. ― 35 , please. I want 36 apples.‖ ― Sure. Here you are. 37 that all?‖ ― No, I want some bananas, too.‖ Zhang Qiang answers. How 38 do you want?‖?Two kilos. That‘s all. Thank you.‖ ― You ‘re 39 .‖ says the salesgirl. When (当......的时候) we go out of (走出) the shop, Zhang Qiang says, the salesgirl is very 40 to us. Do you think so?‖ 31. A. A B. an C. the D. / 32. A. I B. me C. my D. mine 33. A. on B. in C. with D. for 34. A. Do B. Don‘t C. Can D. Can‘t 35. A. No B. Yes C. Not D. Don‘t 36. A. some B. many C. any D. a 37. A. Am B. Is C. Are D. Isn‘t 38. A. some B. about C. much D. many 39. A. Great B. right C. OK D. welcome 40. A. friend B. kinds C. kind D. a friend Ⅴ. 阅读理解(共 30 分,每小题 2 分) 先阅读短文, 然后根据短文内容从文后每小题的四个选项中, 选出一 个能完成所给句子或回答所提问题的正确答案。 (A) Sam’s Family Tree 41. You can see _________ people (人) in Sam‘s family A. six B. seven C. eight D. nine

42. Sam‘s father is a __________. A. policeman B. teacher C. doctor D. manager 43. How old is Sam‘s mother? She is ______.A. 36 years old B. 37 years old C. 38 years old D. 39 years old 44. What does Mike Brown do? A. He is a policeman B. He is a worker C. He is a cook D. He is a doctor 45. Who is Sam‘s sister? A. Lily B. Maria C. Betty D. Tony (B) In many English homes people ( 人 们) eat four meals (餐) a day.They have breakfast at any time from 7:00 to 9:00 in the morning. They eat porridge ( 粥 ), eggs or bread and drink tea ( 茶 ) or coffee ( 咖 啡) at breakfast. Lunch comes at 1:00.Afternoon tea is from 4:00 to 5:00 in the afternoon and d inner is about 7:30. First they have soup ( 汤 ), then they have me at ( 肉 ) or fish with vegetables. After that they eat some other t hings, like bananas, apples or oranges. But not all English peop le eat like that. Some of them have dinner in the middle ( 在 . 中 间) of the day. Their meals are breakfast, dinner, tea and supper. 46. Many English people have ___________ meals a day. A. two B. three C. four D. five 47. English people may have ___________ for breakfast. A. tea and eggs B. bananas and tea C. coffee and oranges D. eggs and fish 48. Many English people have lunch at ________ o‘clock. A. one B. nine C. ten D. twelve 49. English people don‘t have ___________ for dinner. A. bananas or apples B. soup or meat C. meat or fish D. po rridge 50. The best title (标题) for this passage is ____________. A. English people B. English people‘s meals

C. English people eat well D. English people are nice (C) Jack is my pen pal. He lives in Cuba and he studies in a high scho ol. We often write to each other. He tells me he likes maths ( 数 学) and Chinese, but his Chinese is very poor. So he would like me to help him with his Chinese. He sa ys he wants to visit China this year. He will stay in Beijing for a long time. He wants to know more ( 更 多 ) about China and Chinese people. I tell him I ‘m glad to hear (听说) that and I will help him a lot. I think we will have a good time then. 51. Jack is from ____. A. England B. Cuba C. China D. Japan 52. Jack is not good at ____________. A. maths B. Japanese C. English D. Chinese 53. Jack wants to visit ____________ this year. A. England B. Cuba C. China D. Japan 54. Jack likes _________. A. maths and English B. English a nd Chinese C. maths and Chinese D. Chinese and Japanese 55. Jack will stay in ___________ for a long time. A. Nanjing B. Tianjin C. Hefei D. Beijing

仁爱版七年级英语上册期末测试卷(B)
I. 根据括号中的要求,写出下列单词的相应形式。20 分 1.man(复数)____________ 3.box(复数)____________ 7.these(单数)__________ 9.that is(缩写)________ 2.new(反义词)___________ 4.white(反义词)_________ 8.stand up(反义词)______ 10.come(反义词)__________

5.women(单数)__________ 6.know(同音词)__________

11. no(同音词) _______

12.bus(复数) _________

13. here(反义词) ____________ 14. sheep(复数) _______ 15. she(名词性物主代词) _______ 16. let us(缩略式)_______ 17. son(对应词)___ _______ 19. man(复数)_________ II.选择填空。 30 分 ( )1.The man is _____father. ( )2.How old _____? A.are you mother n red ( )4.I go to bed _____ 9:15 in the evening. A.in B.at .an, the B.an, × C.a, × ( )6.Let me _____it. A.to do B.do C.do to ---_____. A . Yes, it is B.N ( )7 . ---Is this box heavy or light? o, it isn't C.It's light. ( )8.---What color is that hat? blue C.It's blue ( )9.Hello, Jim! Nice_____ you! A.see B.meet C.to see A.in B.at C.to ( )10. Please look _____the picture on the wall. ( )11.---Hello. Here is your pencil-box. ---_____ very much. --- _____. A.Thank, That's right welcome ( )12.- 1.---May I speak to Jim, please? A. I am Jim is C.Who's ( )14.---_____are we? ( )15.---____? t's your name, please ---We're in Hubei. A.What B.Who C.Where --How do you do? A.How do you do B.How are you C.Wha B. That is Jim ( )13.---____ that girl? ---________. C. This is Jim A.Where's B.Which B.Thank you, That's all C.Thank you, You're ---_____. A.That's blue. B.It's a C.under A B.are your mother C. is your mother ---She's _____. A.my sister B.ten C.i A.Kate B.Kate's C.she's 18.they(宾格) __________ 20.us(单数)____________

( )3.---Who's that girl?

( )5 . Tom is _____English boy. He's in _____Class Four, Grade Three.

---She's my sister.

( ) 16. --- What 's in the box? ---______ some milk. A. They are uch D. any B. like C. at D. the same ---The one ______ the blue sweater B. It is C. There is D. There are B. some C. m

( ) 17. Are there ______ erasers in the pencil-box A. an ( ) 18. You must look ______ your mother. She is ill now. A. after . A. with B. under C. in D. on ( ) 20. ---May I _____ to Jim? A. say, at B. speak, at ( ) 19. --- Which girl is your sister?

---Sorry, he's _____work now. C. ask, in D. tell, in ---_______.

( ) 21. ---Can't you see a boat in the picture?

A. Yes, I can't B. No, I can't C. No, I can D. Yes, I can not ( ) 22. Is your father a doctor _____ a worker? . or . What D. for A. Who B. How C D. Where B. tree C. mans B. with D. boys C. in A. and B. but C

( ) 23. ---______ is Sam? ---I think he is at school.

( ) 24. They are good ______. A. boates D. on ( ) 26. ---Hi, Li Hua! _______ ? B. How do you do C. What's fifteen minus two ( ) 28. _______! Is this your cup? D. Yes ( ) 29. -- __ is the man? C. Who D. How old

( ) 25. I can sing the song _____ Japanese. A. at ---It's thirteen. D. How old are you A. Sorry

A. How are you

( ) 27.Mike ______ England. A. come from B. is from C. comes in D. come in B. Excuse me C. Hello

-- He is our English teacher. A. What ---__________.

B. Where

( ) 30. ---Do you like the new pen A. Yes, I am t

B. No, I'm not C. Yes. It's very nice

D. No, it isn'

III. 用所给动词适当形式填空。 (10 分) 1. ---Can Mike _______ (speak) Chinese? ---Yes, he can.

2. Look, the boy __________ ____________ (open)the window. 3. ---Listen, Who _________ _________ (sing) in the room? ---I don't know. 4. This is Sandy _______ (speak). 5. Don't ___________ (watch) TV now.________ (read) English, please. Ⅳ. 词形变换:选择方框里的词,并用其适当形式填空,每词只用一次。 (10 分) box farm drive China go watch swim she visit class 1. Mary has two red___ ___. 2. This pen isn’t yours. I think it’s _________. 3. Mr Wang is a good ______. .He works on a farm . 4. How many ______ 6.He has to ____ does have every day ? a friend this Sunday . to have a picnic next Sunday ? TV on Saturday evening . . on the river( 河) .

5. Miss Li is a _____ teacher. .He teaches us Chinese .

7.How about ____

8. Mr Wang often ____

9. Wanglin’s mother is a doctor and his father is a ____ 10. Look !The children are ____ V 完型填空。 (10 分) The Green family usually goes to the park on Sunday. 1 take some bread, meat and __ 2__coke with them. They are now in the 3 . The sun is shining and the birds are singing. It’s a 4 day. Mr. Green is wearing a blue T-shirt. He is 5 by the river. Mrs. Green is 6 under the tree. She is wearing a green dress and a pair of 7 . She is drinking some

8 . Peter and Alice are flying a kite. Jack is playing chess. He is good at ___ 9 . The Green family is very 10__ today. ( )1. A. She ( )3. A. hill ( )4. A. fine B. He B. room B. cold C. They C. park C. rainy D. Them D. a tin of D. snowy D. shop ( )2. A. a pair of B. a C. a cup of

( )5. A. skating B. swimming C. boating ( )6. A. flying ( )7. A. hat ( )9. A. it B. doing C. kicking C. coke C. this

D. fishing D. sitting

B. sunglasses C suit B. them

D. shoe D. meat D. one

( )8. A. oranges B. cake ( )10. A. happy B. funny VI. 阅读理解。 (10 分)

C. naughty D. hungry

One Sunday morning Mr. Brown and his child, Bill, are in a big supermarket (超市). Mr. Brown wants to buy a new blouse for Mrs. Brown. Bill likes oranges and h amburgers a lot. So his father buys two kilos of oranges and hamburgers for him, too. Bill al so wants to buy some picture-books and color pencils. There are many things and many people in the supermarket. They are men and women, old and young. They all want to buy something there. ( )1. Mr. Brown goes to the supermarket with _________ . A. Mrs. Brown B. his son C. his father D. his daughter ( )2. Mr. Brown is going to buy a new blouse for _______ . A. Bill’s mother B. Bill C. his mother D. himself ( )3. Bill likes ________ very much. A .color pencils B. hamburgers C. books D. the shop ( )4. The little boy wants to buy _______ . A. some picture-books A and B ( )5. People in the supermarket are _______ . A. old and young nd girls C. men and women D. A,B and C B. boys a B. some color pencils C. clothes and shoes D.

ⅥI.综合填空:阅读短文,根据每个空格中所给的单词首字母,填入适当的词,使短文完整 Ⅷ. 书面表达: 下面是王海的作息时间表,根据他的时间表写一段小短文,请以第三人称 “he”(友情提示:别忘了动词 +s )介绍王海的一天。 Time 6:00 6:10 Work 起床 跑步

6:30 7:00 7:30 8:00--12:00 4:00p.m. 6:00p.m. 7:00p.m. 10:00p.m.

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